Federal Minimum Wage by State – 2019 & 2020

federal minimum wage 2019 & 2020

The federal minimum wage for 2019 & 2020 is $7.25 per hour. Some states and counties have raised their own minimum wages since it has not been increased since July 2009.

Note: The federal minimum wage rates below are for general informational purposes only and may change during the calendar year. They should not be used as legal or professional advice. Ensure you contact your state agency for more information regarding rates and wages specific to your location/State.

What Is The Minimum Wage?

The minimum wage rate can be defined as “the minimum amount of remuneration that an employer is required to pay wage earners for the work performed during a given period, which cannot be reduced by collective agreement or an individual contract.”

In the US, the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) establishes a minimum wage for employees in the private sector and in Federal, State, and local governments.

Federal Minimum Wage

The current federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour.

  • $5.15 – Sep 01, 1997
  • $5.85 – July 24, 2007
  • $6.55 – July 24, 2008
  • $7.25 – July 24, 2009

The Federal minimum wage hasn’t gone up in a decade. Some states, cities, and counties are increasing their minimum wage rates based on the cost of living. In those cases, as a business owner or employer, you are required to pay your employees a higher amount.

State Minimum Wage Rates – 2019 & 2020

In 2019, 19 states across the country will increase their minimum wages for workers.

To help you know the minimum wage for your state for 2019, the following table includes current state and federal minimum wage rates, exceptions, and scheduled increases, if any:

State2019 Minimum Wage2020 Minimum Wage
Alabama$7.25 (Federal Minimum Wage, no state minimum)$7.25 (Federal Minimum Wage, no state minimum)
California$12 (Employers with 26 or more employees, otherwise $11)$13 (Employers with 26 or more employees, otherwise $12)
Washington D.C.$14.00$15.00 (July 2020)
Georgia$7.25 ($5.15 if not covered by federal regulations)$7.25 ($5.15 if not covered by federal regulations)
Louisiana$7.25 (Federal Minimum Wage, no state minimum)$7.25 (Federal Minimum Wage, no state minimum)
Minnesota$9.86  – large employers & $8.04 – small employers$10.00  – large employers & $8.15 – small employers
Mississippi$7.25 (Federal Minimum Wage, no state minimum)$7.25 (Federal Minimum Wage, no state minimum)
New Hampshire$7.25 (Federal Minimum Wage, no state minimum))$7.25 (Federal Minimum Wage, no state minimum))
New Jersey$10.00$11.00
New Mexico$7.50$9.00
New York$11.10$11.80
North Carolina$7.25$7.25
North Dakota$7.25$7.25
Rhode Island$10.50$10.50
South Carolina$7.25 (Federal Minimum Wage, no state minimum)$7.25 (Federal Minimum Wage, no state minimum)
South Dakota$9.10$9.30
Tennessee$7.25 (Federal Minimum Wage, no state minimum)$7.25 (Federal Minimum Wage, no state minimum)
West Virginia$8.75$8.75
Wyoming$7.25 ($5.15 if federal regulations do not apply)$7.25 ($5.15 if federal regulations do not apply)
U.S. Virgin Islands$10.50$10.50
Puerto Rico$7.25 Employers covered by the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act$7.25 Employers covered by the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act
Guam$8.25$8.75 (March 2020)

Interesting Facts

What states raised the minimum wage in 2019?

According to PBS NewsHour, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, New Jersey, Oregon, New York, Ohio, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont and Washington State will increase their minimum wage requirements in 2019.

What states have the lowest minimum wage?

According to the data from the U.S. Department of Labor, Georgia and Wyoming have the lowest state minimum wage requirements i.e. $5.15 per hour if federal regulations do not apply; otherwise, it is $7.25.

What state has the highest minimum wage?

Washington DC has the highest state minimum wage requirements i.e. $14 per hour. The minimum wage will be increased to $15.00 per hour beginning July 1, 2020.

What states have automatic increases (indexing)?

Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Maine, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, South Dakota, Vermont, Washington, and Washington D.C have automatic increases (indexing).

What states have no minimum wage?

Tennessee, South Carolina, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama have no minimum wage at all. However, the workers receive some protection and they are entitled to the federal minimum wage of $7.25 or $2.13 for tipped workers.

What are the best cities for minimum-wage workers?

According to CNBC, the following are the best cities for the minimum wage workers:

  1. Austin, Texas – Minimum Wage: $15
  2. Seattle, Washington – Minimum Wage: $15
  3. Stockton, California – Minimum Wage: $12
  4. Tucson, Arizona – Minimum Wage: $11
  5. Fresno, California – Minimum Wage: $12
  6. Bakersfield, California – Minimum Wage: $12
  7. Riverside, California – Minimum Wage: $12
  8. Colorado Springs, Colorado – Minimum Wage: $11.10
  9. Sacramento, California – Minimum Wage: $12
  10. Chicago, Illinois – Minimum Wage: $12

What localities have adopted minimum wages above their state minimum wage?

According to EPI, Albuquerque  (NM), Belmont  (CA), Berkeley  (CA), Bernalillo County  (NM ), Birmingham  (AL), Chicago  (IL), Cook County  (IL), Cupertino  (CA), El Cerrito  (CA), Emeryville  (CA), Flagstaff  (AZ), Las Cruces  (NM), Los Altos  (CA), Los Angeles County  (CA), Los Angeles  (CA), Malibu  (CA), Milpitas  (CA), Minneapolis  (MN), Montgomery County  (MD), Mountain View  (CA), Nassau  Suffolk  and Westchester Counties  (NY), New York City  (NY), Oakland  (CA), Palo Alto  (CA), Pasadena  (CA), Portland Urban Growth Boundary  (OR), Prince George’s County  (MD), Redwood City  (CA), Richmond  (CA), San Francisco  (CA), San Jose  (CA), San Leandro  (CA), San Mateo  (CA), Santa Clara  (CA), Santa Fe City  (NM), Santa Fe County  (NM), Santa Monica  (CA), SeaTac  (WA), Seattle  (WA), Sunnyvale  (CA), and Tacoma  (WA) have adopted minimum wages above their state minimum wage.

What companies have raised their minimum wage to at least $15 an hour?

According to Glassdoor, Target, Bank of America, JP Morgan Chase, Huntington National Bank, Facebook, Wells Fargo, Amazon, Costco, Charter Communications/Spectrum, and Ben & Jerry’s have raised their minimum wage to at least $15 an hour.

Since 1984, CheckMark has been helping small businesses to stay in compliance with the Federal, State and local laws with our flagship software – CheckMark Payroll, and comprehensive service – CheckMark Payroll Services.

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