The federal minimum wage for 2019 is $7.25 per hour. Some states and counties have raised their own minimum wages since it has not been increased since July 2009.
Note: The federal minimum wage rates below are for general informational purposes only and may change during the calendar year. They should not be used as legal or professional advice. Ensure you contact your state agency for more information regarding rates and wages specific to your location/State.
What Is The Minimum Wage?
The minimum wage rate can be defined as “the minimum amount of remuneration that an employer is required to pay wage earners for the work performed during a given period, which cannot be reduced by collective agreement or an individual contract.”
In the US, the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) establishes a minimum wage for employees in the private sector and in Federal, State, and local governments.
Federal Minimum Wage
The current federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour.
- $5.15 – Sep 01, 1997
- $5.85 – July 24, 2007
- $6.55 – July 24, 2008
- $7.25 – July 24, 2009
The Federal minimum wage hasn’t gone up in a decade. Some states, cities, and counties are increasing their minimum wage rate based on the cost of living. In those cases, as a business owner or employer, you are required to pay your employees a higher amount.
State Minimum Wage Rates – 2019
In 2019, 19 states across the country will increase their minimum wages for workers.
To help you know the minimum wage for your state for 2019, the following table includes current state and federal minimum wage rates, exceptions, and scheduled increases, if any:
|State||2019 Minimum Wage|
|Alabama||$7.25 (Federal Minimum Wage, no state minimum)|
|Alaska||$9.89 (Annual indexing has begun)|
|California||$12 (Employers with 26 or more employees, otherwise $11)|
|Washington D.C.||$13.25 (current); $14.00 (effective July 1, 2019)|
|Georgia||$7.25 ($5.15 if not covered by federal regulations)|
|Louisiana||$7.25 (Federal Minimum Wage, no state minimum)|
|Michigan||$9.25 (Current); $9.45 (Effective April 1, 2019)|
|Minnesota||$9.86 – large employers & $8.04 – small employers|
|Mississippi||$7.25 (Federal Minimum Wage, no state minimum)|
|Montana||$8.50 ($4 for businesses with gross annual sales of $110,000 or less) (Annual indexing has begun)|
|New Hampshire||$7.25 (Federal Minimum Wage, no state minimum))|
|Oregon||$10.75 (current); $11.25 (Effective July 1, 2019)|
|South Carolina||$7.25 (Federal Minimum Wage, no state minimum)|
|Tennessee||$7.25 (Federal Minimum Wage, no state minimum)|
|Wyoming||$7.25 ($5.15 if federal regulations do not apply)|
|U.S. Virgin Islands||$10.50|
|Puerto Rico||$7.25 Employers covered by the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act|
What states raised the minimum wage in 2019?
According to PBS NewsHour, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, New Jersey, Oregon, New York, Ohio, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont and Washington State will increase their minimum wage requirements in 2019.
What states have the lowest minimum wage?
According to the data from the U.S. Department of Labor, Georgia and Wyoming have the lowest state minimum wage requirements i.e. $5.15 per hour if federal regulations do not apply; otherwise, it is $7.25.
What state has the highest minimum wage?
Washington DC has the highest state minimum wage requirements i.e. $13.25 per hour. The minimum wage will be increased to $14.00 per hour beginning July 1, 2019, and then to $15 per hour by 2020.
What states have automatic increases (indexing)?
Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Maine, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, South Dakota, Vermont, Washington, and Washington D.C have automatic increases (indexing).
What states have no minimum wage?
Tennessee, South Carolina, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama have no minimum wage at all. However, the workers receive some protection and they are entitled to the federal minimum wage of $7.25 or $2.13 for tipped workers.
What are the best cities for minimum-wage workers?
According to CNBC, the following are the best cities for the minimum wage workers:
- Austin, Texas – Minimum Wage: $15
- Seattle, Washington – Minimum Wage: $15
- Stockton, California – Minimum Wage: $12
- Tucson, Arizona – Minimum Wage: $11
- Fresno, California – Minimum Wage: $12
- Bakersfield, California – Minimum Wage: $12
- Riverside, California – Minimum Wage: $12
- Colorado Springs, Colorado – Minimum Wage: $11.10
- Sacramento, California – Minimum Wage: $12
- Chicago, Illinois – Minimum Wage: $12
What localities have adopted minimum wages above their state minimum wage?
According to EPI, Albuquerque (NM), Belmont (CA), Berkeley (CA), Bernalillo County (NM ), Birmingham (AL), Chicago (IL), Cook County (IL), Cupertino (CA), El Cerrito (CA), Emeryville (CA), Flagstaff (AZ), Las Cruces (NM), Los Altos (CA), Los Angeles County (CA), Los Angeles (CA), Malibu (CA), Milpitas (CA), Minneapolis (MN), Montgomery County (MD), Mountain View (CA), Nassau Suffolk and Westchester Counties (NY), New York City (NY), Oakland (CA), Palo Alto (CA), Pasadena (CA), Portland Urban Growth Boundary (OR), Prince George’s County (MD), Redwood City (CA), Richmond (CA), San Francisco (CA), San Jose (CA), San Leandro (CA), San Mateo (CA), Santa Clara (CA), Santa Fe City (NM), Santa Fe County (NM), Santa Monica (CA), SeaTac (WA), Seattle (WA), Sunnyvale (CA), and Tacoma (WA) have adopted minimum wages above their state minimum wage.
What companies have raised their minimum wage to at least $15 an hour?
According to Glassdoor, Target, Bank of America, JP Morgan Chase, Huntington National Bank, Facebook, Wells Fargo, Amazon, Costco, Charter Communications/Spectrum, and Ben & Jerry’s have raised their minimum wage to at least $15 an hour.
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